Just having a cup of coffee doesn’t satisfy your soul? Will you love to know about some interesting facts about coffee, which can blow your mind! Do you know Where Does Coffee Come From?
If your answer is YES !
Be with us on this blog as we are going to reveal lots of unrevealed facts related to coffee.
So, Let us reveal the Journey in this blog !
Now without making you more eager, Let’s Start
Life of Coffee – From Seed to a Cup.
The Coffee beans are certainly the seed of the Coffee Plant. The Coffee Fruit is usually known as Cherry.
When the cherries are plucked from the coffee plant and processed, they are ready to be brewed.
Before processing the seeds of the cherries, it can be used for plantation.
The coffee seeds are planted under shaded nurseries. In the nursery the planted seeds are under water sprinklers. The water is sprinkled time to time on the planted seeds.
The plantation of coffee is usually started during the wet season because the seeds need more moisture at its first stage of growing and getting well rooted.
Afterwards, the plants are shifted to the fields for growing well.
This is the way a coffee plant is planted. Later, In this Blog we will let you know – How long it takes a plant to grow and bear cherries into it?
2. Harvesting of Cherries
The Coffee fruit (also known as Coffee Cherry) are harvested when they turn bright and deep red in colour and get ripened.
Generally the harvesting of cherries is done just once a year.
In most of the countries, The harvesting of cherries is hand-picked by the labourers. Hence, it’s a Labour intensive process for harvesting.
There are mainly two types of Harvesting technique used, which are as follows:
Strip Picked –
All the Coffee cherries are stripped from the plant either by hand or by machine.
Selectively Picked –
Only the ripened cherries are picked selectively by taking a round of the plants every 8-10 days.
This process is done by Labour intensive technique as well as Machines in few countries.
Selectively picked technique is usually done for harvesting of finer Arabica coffee beans.
A good labour approximately picks up 100-200 pounds of Cherries a day, which produces 20-40 pounds of coffee beans.
The day’s harvest is then transported to the processing unit.
3. Processing of Cherries
After the harvesting of coffee cherries, the processing is done as soon as possible to prevent the spoilage of the cherries by one of the two different ways-
Dry method –
This method is a traditional method of processing the cherries. This method is mostly used in those countries where there is scarcity of water resources.
The coffee cherries are spread on a large surface for drying them and reducing the chances of spoilage.
The cherries are raked and turned throughout the day to get proper heat of sunlight and get it dried and reduce the moisture up to 11%.
Wet method –
The wet method removes the pulp of the cherry and the beans are dried with a thin layer of skin on it. For this, the cherries are processed under a pulping machine. This machine removes the pulp of the cherry.
Then the seeds are passed on water channels in which the lighter seeds float on top and the heavier seeds sinks on the bottom. They are passed through a series of rotating drums which separate them by their size.
After separation, the seeds are shifted to large, water-filled fermentation tanks. This depends on various factors like Conditions, Climate and Altitude.
The seeds are kept in these tanks for around 12-48 hours to remove the layer of Mucilage (called parenchyma). Due to resting in these tanks, the Mucilage layer will be naturally dissolved.
When the fermentation is done the seed becomes rough to touch. Then again the seeds are passed through the water channels to make it ready for drying.
4. Drying of Beans
Basically, the process of drying coffee seeds are done on large rakes where they can get direct sunlight. These seeds are turned regularly on a daily basis to decrease the moisture in it upto 11% to make it ready for storage.
The Drying process can be processed by machines in large tumblers. The dried beans are known as Parchment Coffee. The beans are then packed in jute and or sisal bags and warehoused until ready for export.
5. Milling of Beans
The parchment coffee is processed in a Hulling machine to remove the dried thin layer of skin leftover.
Polishing is an optional process after Hulling if any silver skin is left on the beans the polishing removes that. Polished beans are more superior than that of unpolished ones.
Grading and sorting – This process is done through a series of screenings. The seeds are differentiated by their weight and sizes. Usually, the seeds are graded between 10 to 20 scales. 1 scale means 1/64th of a inch.
6. Exporting of Beans
After Milling of beans, the seeds are known as Green Coffee. Now, Green coffee is ready to be exported.
They are packed in Jute or Sisal bags and exported in large shipping containers.
Production Projected for 2019-20 :
|Types of Coffee||Quantity(in Million Bags)|
7. Testing of Coffee
The testing of coffee is also known as Cupping, which is done inside a room with proper facilities of testing.
The Taster or Cupper, selects some of the Green coffee by their visual experiences. Then they roast these beans and ground beans are brewed with hot water with a set standard of temperature.
They smell the coffee and check the aroma. The checking of aroma and judging by it is an essential step of testing.
Each sample has beans from different batches and are tasted on a daily basis. An expert cupper can taste 100s of samples in a day and differentiate between them.
8. Roasting of Coffee
The roasting of green coffee is done in Roasting machines.
Mostly, the roasting machines maintain a temperature of 550 degrees Fahrenheit.
The beans are kept moving to avoid burning of the beans.
When the beans reach an internal temperature of 400 degrees fahrenheit they turn brown in colour and Coffeol, a fragrant oil is locked inside the beans.
This process is called Pyrolysis, the heart of roasting. The pyrolysis is done to produce the flavor and aroma of the coffee.
After roasting, the beans are cooled by air or water immediately. Usually, the Process of roasting is done by the importing countries, as the freshly roasted beans should reach the consumers as soon as possible.
9. Grinding of Coffee
The grinding of coffee beans is done to get Finer or Coarser ground coffee, to get the proper aroma of the coffee. The grinding depends on different brewing methods.
The finer the ground the brewing should be done quickly. As the aroma of coffee is very important. Therefore, the Espresso is brewed with finer coffee grounds.
10. Brewing the Coffee
The brewing of the coffee depends upon the variety of coffee beverage you want to drink.
Ex- Espresso is brewed with finer ground and just in seconds.
Cold brew is brewed with Coarser ground and it takes a long time get brewed properly.
11. Serving Coffee
The serving of coffee depends on Cafe, Restaurants etc. All the outlets have certain set standards of service of the Coffee drinks.
Now you might have understood how tuff is the Life of a Coffee bean, from a seed to your cup?
Hey, now you might be thinking that we didn’t answer the query that, How long does it take a coffee plant to grow and bear cherries into it?
How Long Does It Take for a Coffee Plant to Grow?
The coffee plant takes 3 – 4 Years to grow well and bear fruits. The fruit of coffee is also known as Cherry Coffee .
Where Coffee grows?
At the initial stage the seeds are farmed in Nurseries. There they get essential moisture, water and proper care by the labourers, after they become well rooted they are shifted to the Coffee fields for growing and bearing fruits into it.
Have you ever seen a Coffee plant?
If you say No!
No issues. I will let you know what it looks like ?
What does a coffee plant look like?
Coffee Plants are from the shrub family, so they are not that heighted as other big trees. It’s covered with leaves.
The plant produces leaves in pairs, dark green in color, and waxy in nature. Coffee Cherries grow on the branches.
Coffee cherries start into flowering, fragrant, white blossoms after one year. Coffee plants have a life of 30 – 40 Years.
Now, let us know about what are the different types of Coffee Plant ?
Types of coffee plants?
Authentically, used Coffee beans are of two varieties –
Arabica (Coffea arabica)
Arabica coffee bean is one of the most commonly produced coffee beans in the world. 60% of the total coffee produced in the world is Arabica coffee. Arabica beans are grown in high altitude areas.
The steady rainfall and plenty of shades make the climate condition favorable for coffee plants to grow. The arabica plants are easy to care for and prune as they are small in height i.e. normally 6 feet only.
And the another most popular coffee bean is – Robusta
So, I will give you a brief about this coffee bean.
Robusta (Coffea Canephora)
Robusta beans are the second most common coffee bean after Arabica beans in the world. Robusta beans can be grown in multiple altitudes, but it requires hot climate and irregular rainfall.
Robusta beans have double caffeine as of Arabica beans. This bean is immune to the disease.
Have you ever thought of drinking a strange coffee which comes from a poop ?
We will let you know that does anything like this exist in this world or not ?
Hence, keep reading about the next upcoming amazing facts…
Does Coffee Beans Come from Poop?
Yes ! There are some strange coffee beans which are produced from the poop of some selective animals.
The coffee beans are of various varieties available around the world. One of the variety is the Poop Coffee beans.
The Poop coffee beans are extracted from the animal’s poop. The Poop coffee is scientifically proven about their amazing qualities.
Scientists say that the coffee gets fermented due to animal saliva and digestive juices, which make them unique from other available processes of processing the coffee beans.
The animals eat the Coffee cherries and the coffee beans come out with the poop of those animals as they can’t digest the beans. Then those poop are picked by the labourers and by processing those beans we get the Poop coffee.
This technique is very unique as it’s process is not like other ways of processing. The poop coffee is totally dependent on the animal’s poop.
Hence, it’s a rare quality. It has some restrictions on production on a large scale. That’s why it is very expensive.
You might be eager to know about the different animals involved in producing the poop coffee !!
Yes ! there are many animals involved and they are as follows
1. Civet cat poop coffee
It’s a coffee from the poop of Civet cat. This coffee is also known as Kopi Luwak Coffee. The price ranges from $45 – $600 per pound of coffee.
2.Elephant poop coffee
It’s a coffee from the poop of an Elephant. This coffee is also known as Black Ivory Coffee. The price is around $500 per pound of coffee.
Monkey poop coffee
It’s a coffee from the spitting of a Monkey. Chikmagalur, India is one of the places where this coffee is processed. The price is around $320 per pound of coffee.
Bat poop coffee
It’s a coffee from the shit of a Bat. The price is around $230 per pound of coffee.
Bird poop coffee
It’s a coffee from the spitting of an Bird named Jacu. This coffee is also known as Wild Jacu Coffee. The price is around $330 per pound of coffee.
Where do Starbucks coffee beans come from?
Starbucks is a big brand nowadays. The get their Arabica coffee from three major regions;
& Asia – Pacific.
The signature blend of coffee comes from Asia – Pacific regions.
Well, now we will let you know about some main countries from where our coffee comes…
Are you interested ?
We think you are enjoying reading these facts about coffee. Am I right ?
Where Does Coffee Come From in the World?
Our coffee comes from many regions around the world. The names of those countries are –
r= Robusta, m= Mixed, and a= Arabica Coffee
Can you Count How many countries are there?
Let me tell you its 51 countries. Isn’t it too much?
These are the countries namely according to their production in Tonnes every year, in ascending order.
Best Coffee Regions
Top 5 Countries in Coffee Production are –
Coffee plays an essential role in the development of Brazil and some of European countries. French Settlers brought coffee into existence in these countries in around the 18th century.
The coffee became popular among the Europeans, due to which Brazil became the world’s biggest producer of coffee in the 1840s. It’s around 300,000 coffee farms spread over Brazil.
The United States Department of Agriculture(USDA) announces that Brazil is expected to produce 58 Million 60kilogram bags of coffee in the 2019-20 marketing year, accounting for more than a third of the world’s population.
As compared to other countries, Vietnam is new for the International Coffee trade. Rather than that Vietnam has become the second largest coffee producer in the world.
The Communist party betted on coffee in the 1980s, The production of coffee increased by 20% to 30% in the 1990s.
The United States Department of Agriculture(USDA) announces that Vietnam is expected to produce 32.2 million 60-kilogram bags of coffee in 2019–2020.
Vietnam primarily focuses on Robusta coffee beans, which became a great niche for the International Trade.
Robusta beans have double the caffeine content as compared to Arabica beans, and adds more bitterness to the beans.
A fictional coffee farmer named Juan Valdez helped Columbia to become one of the most popular coffee producing nations. Colunbian coffee is one of the best quality coffees of the world.
Columbia is expecting to produce 14.3 Million 60-Kilogram Bags of coffee for the marketing year 2019-2020.
Since, The beginning of 2008 Columbian coffee plants have been hit by a leafy disease named Coffee Rust.
It continued for several years, which resulted in lowering the production of coffee for this country. Later they replaced those plants with Rust-Resistant varieties.
Indonesia’s climate and location is too favourable for coffee production of Robusta beans, which resulted in making Indonesia the third largest producers of Robusta Beans.
Indonesia is expected to produce 10.7 Million 60-Kilogram Bags in the marketing year of 2019-2020.
Indonesia is one of the largest producers of Kopi Luwak Coffee. These beans have distinctive and very unique flavour, that’s the reason it’s too expensive.
In 2018-2019 Ethiopia gained a 5th rank in world’s coffee production. It is expected to produce 7.3 Million 60-Kilogram Bags marketing year.
Just competing Honduras which captured the position of Ethiopia in the 2017-2018 marketing year.
We hope you enjoyed this blog related to coffee, as we revealed a lot of amazing facts about coffee.
Thanks for reading.
What does coffee grow on?
The coffee bean comes from the coffee plant, a large shrub or bush. Beans are in the center of coffee cherries, which are fruits on coffee plants that grow all over the world, particularly in Latin America, Africa, and Asia.
We get our coffee from where?
The coffee bean originated from Ethiopia in the continent of Africa. From there, it migrated to South East Asia, Central, and South America. Today, Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, and Ethiopia are still the world’s top 5 leaders in producing and growing coffee.
What are the different coffee beans?
There are four main types of coffee beans: Arabica (Coffee arabica), Robusta (Coffee caniphora), Liberica (Coffee liberica), and Excelsa (Coffee liberica var. dewevrei).
What is the fruit of a coffee plant called?
Coffee beans are actually roasted seeds from a seed-bearing fruit called a coffee cherry. The coffee cherry’s outer shell is called the exocarp, followed by a thin layer of pulp and a slimy substance called the parenchyma.