How to Grow Coffee Plant at Home? [Beginner’s Guide+FAQs]

How to grow coffee plant

Originated in Ethiopia, coffee is presently grown everywhere across the globe. This makes coffee a worldwide beverage. It has certainly influenced the economic, social, and cultural history of many parts of the world. 

This article is an initiative towards understanding this worldwide beverage, wherein we will discuss about how to grow coffee plant?  

How to Grow Coffee Plant at Home?

Yes, it is possible to grow coffee plant at home! Growing coffee plant at home is not an extremely demanding and time-consuming task. It just needs the right way of care in the right amount at the right time. 

If you are a coffee lover, growing a coffee plant at home can be extremely gratifying.

The lush-green shiny leaves of the plant make it an eye-candy indoor plant with its jasmine-like aroma adding to the beauty.

Getting the Right Seedlings for Coffee Plants

coffee seedlings

If you think you can grow coffee from the readily available beans at the market, it is just not possible. The beans available in the market are roasted once. The roasted beans do not germinate.

To implant the seed you need to find the fresh cherries, seedlings, or the green coffee beans of an Arabica coffee plant. Potted coffee plants are rarely available in nurseries.

he best time for sowing a coffee seed is the early springs.

Choosing the Right Container for Your Coffee Plant

coffee plant

Coffee is a tropical or sub-tropical plant. If you are staying in these regions, you can find a place for your plant even outdoors. However, if you are not residing in tropical regions, you must plant it in a pot so that you can control its environment as per the weather conditions in your region.

A suitable container/pot size is very essential for this plant to grow well. Coffee likes to be planted in a smaller pot. If you are using a container, you can plant a seed in a small pot. As it grows, it needs to be shifted to a bigger container. 

A well-grown coffee plant can rise to 6-10 feet high. As such, assure proper space and surroundings around the plant so that it can grow without any interference.

If it is planted in your garden make sure it is not exposed to direct sunlight. 

Suitable Soil Types for Growth of the Coffee Plant

Peet Moss Soil

The coffee plant needs rich peat/turf-based soil. Also, it should be slightly acidic, having the ideal PH level of 6 to 6.5. 

How Often Should You Water a Coffee Plant?

Watering plants

The container of the coffee plant should have proper drainage holes for letting excess water out. The soil needs to be humid and contain enough moisture, but at the same time, it should not be completely waterlogged. 

While you water the plant, get the top layer of the soil wet, then wait for few days, allow it to dry, and then water again. 

The watering cycles should also change as per the weather conditions. 

Like any other houseplant, the coffee plant needs more water in summer and less in winter. In the rainy season, you need to make sure that the soil in the plant is loose and should not be soaked with water.

Right Sunlight for Coffee Care

Coffee tree in Sunlight

The coffee plant needs to be kept in a bright place but should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Also, the temperature around the plant should not be very low. The suitable temperature ranges from 20 – 28 degrees Celsius. 

It needs humid surroundings with the diffused sunlight. A happy and healthy coffee plant just needs a soothing morning sun. If it is exposed to direct sunlight for too long, it results in browning of the leaves.

Fertilizers

Fertilizing plants

The coffee plants need to be, fed with a balanced fertilizer. If it is planted in the ground, it can extract enough nutrients from the soil. However, if it is in the pot, you must fertilize it at least once, every two months.

Shifting the Coffee Plant

If you are relocating or you are shifting your coffee plant from one place to another, remember that it slowly needs to be acclimatized to the surroundings. 

If it is indoor and you need to keep it outside because of its growing size, then don’t just place it outside all of a sudden. Give it some time to adjust. Place it for an hour on the first day, then for few more hours the next day, then for more time, and so on. 

Once it adjusts with bright light, humidity, and other conditions it will retain and remain healthy when placed outdoors. 

Pruning the Coffee Plant

Pruning is recommended in early springs. A healthy coffee plant can grow up to 6 to 10 feet tall. Make sure to provide enough space. 

Also, pruning assures good health and adequate nutrition available for the plant. 

Growth Stages of a Coffee Plant

Once the seeds are planted it takes few months to germinate. It also depends upon the quality of the seeds. The fresh seeds take 2.5 to 3 months for germinating, while the old seeds take 6 to 9 months. 

Once the seed germinates, the nascent plant takes few more months for the growth of primary leaves. It will take the next 3 years to bear flowers. The coffee flowers are white in color and the Arabica coffee plants are self-pollinating.

Post pollination, the flowers will bear fruits called berries. The green berries take almost a year to ripe. The berries do not ripe altogether at once. Once they are ripe, you can extract the beans from the berries.

From implanting the seed to getting the first few beans from your coffee plant, it will take nearly 5 to 6 years.

Safety from the Coffee Plant

Safety first

Every part of the coffee plant is poisonous except the beans. The plant should be kept away from the reach of children and domestic animals. The poisoning symptoms include vomiting, nausea, etc.

Special care must be taken while plants bear the berries. The dark red berries look tempting to children and animals and they might eat them. 

Common Pests and Diseases

Common Pest and Diseases of coffee

The common pests and diseases that affect the coffee plant are:

  1. Coffee leaf rust
  2. Coffeeberry borer
  3. White stem borer
  4. Mealybugs
  5. Shot hole borer

A weekly sprinkling of baking soda and neem oil helps prevents berry diseases and rusting of leaves. Special care needs to be taken from September to January. There is a fear of white stem borer even in April and May.

So “how to grow coffee plant” should no more be a query. Healthy coffee growing conditions and good care is all we need for a happy coffee plant. 

The aroma of the coffee made out of beans from your plant undoubtedly feels special and satiating. Have a happy coffee planting!

FAQs

Where can I grow a coffee plant?

The coffee plant can be grown indoors or outdoor. Even if you are staying in an apartment you can have a coffee plant at home, provided you must have a suitable container for holding the growing plant and sufficient space that allows it to grow.

How much time does it take to have a fully-grown coffee plant?

It takes 5 to 7 years to get the beans from the coffee plant. If good quality fresh seeds are sown and suitable conditions are provided, then it will not take more than 5 years.

Can I grow coffee from the coffee beans?

The readily available coffee beans at the market cannot be used for growing coffee plants as they are usually roasted beans. To grow coffee plants you need to get fresh seedlings or green coffee beans from the nursery.

What is the best fertilizer for the coffee plant?

The coffee plant needs fertilizers that are high in nitrogen content. The rose-based and citrus-based fertilizers are good for the growth of coffee plants.

What is the duration of growing a coffee plant?

approximately 3 to 4 years

Once the seeds are planted it takes few months to germinate. It also depends upon the quality of the seeds. The fresh seeds take 2.5 to 3 months for germinating, while the old seeds take 6 to 9 months.

Once the seed germinates, the nascent plant takes few more months for the growth of primary leaves. It will take the next 3 years to bear flowers.

How many times a year is a coffee harvested?

Harvesting of Coffee is usually done once a year.

At the North of the equator, they are grown in the winter season and at the south of the equator, they are grown in the summer season.

Refrence: NCAUSA.ORG

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